Topic outline

  • General

     

     

     

    IBAR

    INVASIVE SPECIES (INSECTS AND ISLANDS) - BIOLOGICAL CONTROL - AGROECOLOGICAL CASE STUDY IN REUNION ISLAND

     

     

    Author: Nathalie Becker (becker@mnhn.fr)

    Co-author: Ben Warren

    Participation/Critical reading: Colin Fontaine, Pierre Feron, Pascal Rousse, Jean-Philippe Deguine

    Translation/Proofreading: Andrew Morris, Daphne Goodfellow

    Learning designer: Aurélie Casties

    Technical support: Pascal Mouy, Annie Dumont

    Partners : MNHN, UVED, University of Reunion Island, CIRAD

    Financial support: UVED, University of Reunion Island

    IBAR in French, 1st edition (2015): see : http://edu.mnhn.fr/course/view.php?id=178

     

  • Foreword

     

  • Chapter 1 : Invasive species: insects and islands

    Chapter 1 (Invasive species: insects and islands), co-authored by Ben Warren, with the input of Colin Fontaine and the critical reading of Daphne Goodfellow, is the first of three in the IBAR course entitled “INVASIVE SPECIES - BIOLOGICAL CONTROL - AGROECOLOGICAL CASE STUDY IN REUNION ISLAND”, and is based on recent scientific papers on biological invasions in a changing context, from the globalization of transport to degraded habitats. In this chapter, you will acquire basic knowledge and a critical look at different ideas, beyond Chapter 2, which presents cases of biological control, mostly of invasive insects on islands.

     

  • Chapter 2: Biological control, introduction and acclimatization of auxiliary insects

    Chapter 2, achieved with the help and critical reading of Pierre Feron, Daphne Goodfellow and Pascal Rousse, is entitled ‘Biological control, introduction and acclimatization of auxiliary insects’, and deals with biological control. Rather than what you might expect in an exhaustive course, here we focus on the use of insects to control other insect pests in an insular environment. In IBAR, Chapter 2 can be viewed alone, or in the following sequences: Chapters 1-2-3, 1-2 or 2-3. Biological invasions, insects and islands are dealt with in Chapter 1. A small part of Chapter 2 is already included in Chapter 1: a useful rehearsal! Chapter 3 is an agroecological case study on managing vegetable flies on Reunion Island, where they affect cucurbit crops but are controlled using biological and other measures.

  • Chapter 3 : Agroecological case study in Reunion Island

    Chapter 3, with the input of Jean-Philippe Deguine and the translation of Andrew Morris, is entitled “Agroecological case study in Reunion Island” and sets out a case study on managing fruit flies on Reunion Island (biological invasions, insects and islands are dealt with in Chapter 1), where they affect cucurbit crops but are controlled using biological control measures combined with other methods (Chapter 2 presents biological control). We will then look at the results, farmers' perceptions and prospects following application of this new agroecological approach. This chapter, with the innovative GAMOUR project in Reunion Island, will highlight links between agroecological practices, ecology and social sciences. The GAMOUR acronym stands for Management ("Gestion" in french), Agroecology, fly ("MOUche", in french), and Reunion Island.

  • For rehearsals

    This document if for rehearsals, but is of no use if you have not followed IBAR on-line !

     

  • The teacher’s space

    Teachers will find examples of some possible uses of this course, as well as a guide for High School or College/University usage (up to Master’s degree).